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宋代官窑双耳尊

断代/款识 宋代
规格 口径8.5cm 底宽 8.3cm 高20cm
数量 1
委托售价 议价
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两宋瓷器是中国思想文化艺术在瓷器上得以充分浸透展示的杰出的物化结晶,是中国思想文化艺术史律动中不可或缺的优美动人的音符。两宋时代,以儒家礼法伦理思想为核心的理学,不仅为封建社会提供了强大的精神支柱,而且深远地影响了一个时代的审美风气。所以两宋器物的制作,极致简洁而又富有诗情画意,精、气、神充盈,追求单纯的釉色与线条之美,迎合了思想文化艺术领域占统治地位的士大夫们的秉性趣味,艺精品高。哥窑是宋代五大名窑之一,与汝、官、定、钧窑齐名,是为宫廷烧造御器的官窑,。哥窑器形多以青铜器为本,胎质分为灰、油灰、黑、赭 等色,釉质分为粉青、灰青、油灰、月白、灰黄、米黄等色,釉 间开裂“金丝铁线”。我国青铜器的历史悠久漫长。在我国商周时期,青铜器主要用以祭祀、战争等方面。“国之大事,唯祀与戎”,作为用以祭祀的青铜器则尤为重要,其造型有鼎、簋、簠、尊等等,多造型硕大雄壮,纹饰瑰丽。也是一个国家强盛的象征。宋代是我国历史上第一个古铜器仿制高峰期。在宋代,随着金石学的兴起,不论王室抑或庶民,都以收藏商周青铜器为乐事。其间或出于复古宣传传统礼教之目的,或出于对古代文化的尊重与爱好等原因,仿古青铜器出现。关于金丝铁线还有一个传说:相传,宋代龙泉县,有一位很出名的制瓷艺人,姓章,名村根,他便是传说中的章生一、章生二的父亲。章村根的擅长制青瓷而闻名遐迩,生一、生二兄弟俩自小随父学艺,老大章生一厚道、肯学、吃苦,深得其父真传,章生二亦有绝技在身。章村根去世后,兄弟分家,各开窑厂。老大章生一所开的窑厂即为哥窑,老二章生二所开的窑厂即为弟窑。兄弟俩都烧造青瓷,都各有成就。但老大技高一筹,烧出“紫口铁足”的青瓷,一时名满天下,其声名传至皇帝,龙颜大悦,钦定指名要章生一为其烧造青瓷。老二心眼小,心生妒意,趁其兄不注意,把粘土扔进了章生一的釉缸中,老大用掺了粘土的釉施在坯上,烧成后一开窑,他惊呆了,满窑的瓷器的表面的釉面全都开裂了,裂纹有大有小,有长有短,有粗有细,有曲有直,且形状各异,有的像鱼子,有的像柳叶,有的像蟹爪。他欲哭无泪,痛定思痛之后,他重新振作精神,他泡了一杯茶,把浓浓的茶水涂在瓷器上,裂纹马上变成茶色线条,又把墨汁涂上去,裂纹立即变成黑色线条,这样,不经意中形成“金丝铁线”。现在传世哥窑瓷器中,尤以收藏在北京故宫博物院的那件清宫旧藏的宋哥窑鱼耳炉闻名天下,清代乾隆皇帝颇为赏识,摩挲把玩时曾拟诗一首,由宫廷玉作匠师镌刻于炉之外底。诗云:“伊谁换夕熏,香讶至今闻;制自崇鱼耳,色犹缬鳝纹。本来无火气,却似有云氲;辩见八还毕,鼻根何处分。”诗后署“乾隆丙申仲春御题”,足见乾隆皇帝对宋哥窑鱼耳炉喜爱之深。虽乾隆朝对宋瓷多有仿制,且穷工毕技、精品百出,然在弘历心中与宋之鱼耳炉又何能比肩?今乾隆本朝官窑已是洛阳纸贵、千金难求,令皇帝爱不释手的宋哥窑又该价值几何?此宋代官窑双耳尊有较高的收藏价值和文化价值。

The porcelain of the Two Song Dynasty is an outstanding materialized crystallization of Chinese ideology, culture, and art that can be fully displayed on porcelain. It is an indispensable and beautiful musical note in the rhythm of Chinese ideology, culture, and art history. During the Song Dynasty, Neo Confucianism, centered around Confucian ethical ideas of etiquette and law, not only provided a strong spiritual pillar for feudal society, but also profoundly influenced the aesthetic atmosphere of an era. Therefore, the production of artifacts in the Song Dynasty was extremely simple and poetic, full of essence, energy, and spirit, pursuing the beauty of simple glaze color and lines, catering to the temperament and interest of the ruling literati in the field of ideology, culture, and art, with high artistic quality. Ge Kiln was one of the five famous kilns of the Song Dynasty, on par with Ru, Guan, Ding, and Jun kilns. It was an official kiln used for firing imperial vessels for the court,. The shape of Ge kiln ware is mostly based on bronze ware, with the body material divided into gray, oil gray, black, ochre and other colors. The glaze is divided into pink blue, gray blue, oil gray, moon white, gray yellow, beige and other colors, and there are "golden wire and iron wire" cracks between the glazes. The history of Chinese bronze ware is long and rich. During the Shang and Zhou dynasties in China, bronze ware was mainly used for sacrifices, wars, and other purposes. The only major event of the country is the sacrificial ceremony and the military. As a bronze vessel used for sacrificial purposes, it is particularly important. Its shapes include Ding, Gui, Fu, Zun, and so on, with many large and powerful shapes and magnificent patterns. It is also a symbol of national strength. The Song Dynasty was the first peak period in Chinese history for the imitation of ancient bronze vessels. In the Song Dynasty, with the rise of epigraphy, both the royal family and the common people enjoyed collecting Shang and Zhou bronze artifacts. During this period, imitation bronze ware appeared either for the purpose of promoting traditional etiquette through retro propaganda, or for reasons such as respect and love for ancient culture. There is another legend about the gold wire and iron wire: according to legend, in Longquan County of the Song Dynasty, there was a very famous porcelain making artist named Zhang and Murgen. He was the father of the legendary Zhang Shengyi and Zhang Shengji. Zhang Muragan is famous for his expertise in making celadon. The first and second brothers learned art from their father when they were young. The eldest, Zhang Muragan, was kind, willing to learn, and hardworking, earning a deep reputation from his father's true heritage. Zhang Muragan also possesses unique skills. After Zhang Murgen's death, his brothers separated and each opened a kiln. The kiln opened by the eldest Zhangsheng is called the Ge kiln, while the kiln opened by the second Zhangsheng is called the Di kiln. Both brothers fired celadon, each with their own achievements. But the boss had superior skills and fired the "purple mouthed iron foot" celadon, which became famous all over the world for a time. His reputation spread to the emperor, and the dragon's face was greatly pleased. The emperor appointed Zhang Shengyi to burn celadon for him. The second person had a small heart and was jealous. While his brother was not paying attention, he threw the clay into the glaze jar of Zhang Shengyi. The first person applied a glaze mixed with clay to the billet, and when the kiln was fired, he was stunned. The surface of the porcelain in the full kiln all cracked, with cracks ranging from large to small, long to short, thick to thin, curved to straight, and various shapes, some resembling caviar, some like willow leaves, and som


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